CLTS by itself is limited and must be accompanied by communication strategies adapted to urban environments.
This Sanitation and Hygiene Hunter-Gatherer Thematic Note discusses implementation of CLTS in urban and peri-urban areas in West and Central Africa. Experiments are underway to implement CLTS in peri-urban environments. One third of the 15 countries present at the workshop have had this experience. This report summarises the good practices of these countries.