CLTS in Africa: Trajectories, Challenges and Moving to Scale

October 2013

Given the rapid changes with CLTS in Africa over the last two years, it is clear that we have moved into a different landscape… the key concern of all stakeholders is how to scale up with quality at sub-district, district, province
or region, and national levels.

At the Third Africa Conference on Hygiene and Sanitation (AfricaSan 3) held in Kigali, Rwanda, from 19–21 July 2011, it was clear that in the three years since the previous AfricaSan conference, and only five years since its initial rollout in Africa, community-led total sanitation (CLTS) had spread and diversified to become more embedded in Africa than in any other region.

This chapter, in an edited collection based on the conference papers, looks at the progress and maturing of CLTS in Africa. It introduces innovations and adaptations, poses questions and challenges, and suggests ways forward as CLTS goes to scale on the continent.

Additional details

PublisherIWA Publishing
RegionCentral Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa
CountryKenya, Nigeria, Uganda
ThemesLeave no one behind, Monitoring, evaluation and learning, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation
ApproachesCommunity-led approaches

Bongartz, P. (2014) ‘CLTS in Africa: Trajectories, Challenges and Moving to Scale’, in P. Cross and Y. Coombes (eds), Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa: Where do We Stand? Analysis from the AfricaSan Conference, Kigali, Rwanda. London: IWA Publishing, pp. 133-142.


Share this resource

Learn more about SLH Research

We use a range of research approaches, which aim to draw attention to urgent knowledge gaps, blind spots and emerging questions, often at a critical point in time, to support policy-makers, practitioners and partners in navigating and responding swiftly.

SLH Research and Learning