Roles and Responsibilities for Post-ODF Engagement: Building an Enabling Institutional Environment for CLTS Sustainability

July 2016

There is a significant task ahead through capacity building and effecting institutional change. This requires more than training in skills.

This is a book chapter taken from Sustainable Sanitation For All: Experiences, Challenges and Innovations

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 aims for sanitation activities and programmes which succeed at creating sustainable, community-owned, and managed sanitation for all. It is becoming more and more apparent that post-open defecation free (ODF) support is often necessary to ensure sustainable outcomes for Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). This chapter in Sustainable Sanitation for All argues for the need for governments to play the leading role in these activities. Drawing on experience from Kenya and Zambia, this chapter outlines the roles and responsibilities of different government levels (national, local, and community-based institutions) and the actions that will be necessary for them to take. At all three levels the role of the development community is considered and suggestions given on how they can support governments to take the reins of CLTS programmes and post-ODF activities. This will be essential if we are to commit to the ethos of the SDGs and fulfil goal 6.

Additional details

PublisherPractical Action Publishing
ThemesGovernment leadership, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation

Musyoki, S. (2016) ‘Roles and Responsibilities for Post-ODF Engagement: Building an Enabling Institutional Environment for CLTS Sustainability’, in Bongartz, P., Vernon, N. and Fox, J. (eds), Sustainable Sanitation for All: Experiences, Challenges, and Innovations, Rugby, UK: Practical Action Publishing­­­­, doi:


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