Sanitation For All: A Comparative Study of Approaches to Leaving No One Behind Across Five Countries

February 2018

By sharing experiences and insights from SNV’s programmes to date, this report aims to contribute to both partner and sector discussions about effective support strategies for achieving inclusive rural sanitation.

It is increasingly recognised that a nuanced approach is needed to leave no one behind in efforts to realise the human rights to water and sanitation, and meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is timely to reflect on, and further develop, approaches tailored to support potentially disadvantaged and vulnerable groups to access sanitation.

Successfully delivering sanitation to all and leaving no one behind means that everyone, including vulnerable groups, should gain access to suitable sanitation facilities that are acceptable, used and sustained over time.

This report reflects on SNV’s experience striving to reach all through the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme in rural areas across 5 of the 15 countries in which SSH4A is being implemented: Bhutan, Nepal, Cambodia, Zambia and Tanzania.

Based on a review of programme documentation, a regional learning event and online D-group discussion, interviews with programme staff, and insights from disaggregated monitoring data, the breadth of SNV approaches were investigated to understand potential disadvantages as well as strategies used to ensure inclusive uptake and use of sanitation services.

Additional details

PublisherInstitute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney & SNV
CountryBhutan, Cambodia, Nepal, Tanzania, Zambia
ThemesLeave no one behind, Support mechanisms, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation

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