Sanitation in Bangladesh: Revolution, Evolution, and New Challenges

July 2016

Unique characteristics of the Bangladesh sanitation situation include the focus on its local government institution (the union), a long history of NGOsponsored community mobilization, the willingness of government to work with NGOs, and high population density.

This is a book chapter taken from Sustainable Sanitation For All: Experiences, Challenges and Innovations

Bangladesh is a hub of sanitation experimentation and model-building. It is internationally recognized as the place where CLTS first developed and succeeded in getting whole villages to declare themselves open defecation free (ODF). Such achievements rest on a broad foundation however.

After briefly reviewing the history of sanitation promotion in rural Bangladesh, this chapter summarizes the most urgent issues and challenges related to sustaining the country’s improvements in 2015. It concludes with some learning points of possible interest to other countries seeking to promote universal sanitation coverage.

Additional details

PublisherPractical Action Publishing
RegionSouth Asia
ThemesBehaviour change, Health, Hygiene, Leave no one behind, Monitoring, evaluation and learning, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation

Hanchett, S. (2016) ‘Sanitation in Bangladesh: Revolution, Evolution, and New Challenges’, in Bongartz, P., Vernon, N. and Fox, J. (eds), Sustainable Sanitation for All: Experiences, Challenges, and Innovations, Rugby, UK: Practical Action Publishing­­­­, doi:


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