This working paper presents the results of a study conducted by the Watershed-Empowering Citizens Programme analysing how social inclusion is included in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) projects and programmes.
The Watershed Programme is a strategic partnership between the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and four non-governmental organisations from the Netherlands (IRC, Simavi, Wetlands International and Akvo). It focuses on supporting MFA to achieve its WASH policy goals and commitments.
The study aims to deepen the Watershed Programme’s knowledge of social inclusion in WASH projects and programmes by providing an overview of the current practices and insights into approaches used in the implementation of WASH initiatives worldwide.
To this end, the study mapped and assessed the distinct approaches, methods and tools used for social inclusion in WASH initiatives by a selected number of development organisations, some of which have a strong track record in this area.