Lifestyles and livelihoods

Social exclusion due to lifestyle or livelihood  such – nomadic, semi-nomadic and seasonally mobile communities – also present a particular challenge to sanitation programmes. Many of these groups practice open defecation, at least partially, and often out of necessity

Temporary labourers can work away from home for large amounts of the year, or whole communities can move between areas according to the season. These specific population groups present challenges to sanitation programmes and should be identified, with specific strategies developed wherever needed