Programming should be evidence-based and incremental.
This thematic note on hunter-gathering describes challenges, solutions, emerging questions and recommendations for sanitation for pastoralists in East and Southern Africa.
Most pastoralists in East Africa inhabit arid climates that are water scarce and prone to frequent droughts and at times severe flash floods. Droughts and flooding have been increasing in severity and frequency in the region over the past few years. The recent El Nino drought in the Horn of Africa, for example, decimated livestock and pastoralists are still struggling to recover.
There is a lack of research, evidence and case studies for the sanitation and behaviour change that would inform national and regional strategies.