Enterprise in WASH: Investigating the Role of Enterprises in WASH Service Delivery for the Poor

December 2016

The Enterprise in WASH outputs focus on the role of small-scale enterprises, emerging as important players in sustainable water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) service delivery for the poor.

The first phase of research (2013-2016) focused on the role of private and social enterprises in Indonesia, Vietnam and Timor-Leste. It included:

  • a systematic review of evidence to date
  • studies on the dynamics and key influences on private sector roles in the three country contexts
  • value chain studies for sanitation in remote, rural contexts
  • studies on motivators, drivers and barriers for enterprises
  • equity study for private water enterprises.


This phase was funded through the Australian Government’s Australian Development Research Awards Scheme (ADRAS) through the Australian Civil Society WASH Fund (2013-2016).

The second phase (2016 – 2018) looks at three further dimensions of enterprise engagement, and involves engagement in Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Vanuatu and Sierra Leone:

  • gender and entrepreneurship
  • associations and other business support mechanisms
  • cost structures for private water enterprises
  • entrepreneurship and rural water supply sustainability

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