Follow-up MANDONA (FUM) is an action-oriented, collective approach for post-triggering follow-up visits, as part of Community-Led Total Sanitation. The FUM approach was pioneered by MIARINTSOA NGO – a sub-grantee of the GSF-supported ‘Fonds d’Appui pour l’Assainissement’ programme in Madagascar.
FUM brings the entire community together for a self-analysis of their sanitation situation and helps them immediately create models that prevent the ingestion of faeces. The approach then harnesses the power of Natural Leaders to replicate these models across the community, which includes helping those that are least able, in order to advance to open defecation free status.
By focusing on sustainable behaviour change, FUM is also a useful tool for addressing issues surrounding ‘slippage’, which relates to returning to previous unhygienic behaviours. Illustrated with photos, case studies, and tips, this handbook provides a practical, step-by-step guide for how CLTS practitioners around the world can implement FUM in their own contexts.