Micro-Planning for CLTS: Experience from Kenya

February 2015

Micro-planning is a tool often used in the context of decentralisation to guide decisions and to monitor the achievement of objectives. It has been used in a variety of sectors including planning  immunisation to reach target children as well as in education to reach out-of-school children. The devolution of sanitation service delivery to county-level in Kenya presented an opportunity to strengthen planning and monitoring of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programming. The Ministry of Health adapted and tested the micro-planning tool in two counties, with technical assistance from UNICEF, and later scaled it up to the entire country covering all of 47 counties. This Field Note presents the steps in micro-planning and discusses the challenges and successes of the process.

This Field Note is part of the UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Sanitation and Hygiene Learning Series, designed to improve knowledge of best practice and lessons learnt in sanitation and hygiene programming across the Region. The series has been funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in support of improved knowledge management in the sanitation sector. The documents in this series cover the following topics:

  •             CLTS at-scale
  •             Small towns sanitation
  •             Mobile-enabled sanitation and hygiene programming
  •             Regional supply chains for sanitation
  •             Sanitation marketing
  •             Handwashing with soap
  •             CLTS in fragile contexts

Additional details

PublisherUNICEF
RegionEastern Africa
CountryKenya
ThemesGovernment leadership, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation
ApproachesCommunity-led approaches
LanguageEnglish

Learn more about SLH Research

We use a range of research approaches, which aim to draw attention to urgent knowledge gaps, blind spots and emerging questions, often at a critical point in time, to support policy-makers, practitioners and partners in navigating and responding swiftly.

SLH Research and Learning