Moving Up the Sanitation Ladder (Sanitation Markets): East and Southern Africa Region

SLH Rapid Action Learning Papers
July 2018

Several solutions are being trialled… Although most involve market-based solutions, non-market based solutions that supported households to improve their sanitation facilities and move up the sanitation ladder were also shared.

This Sanitation and Hygiene Hunter-Gatherer Thematic Note presents recommendations for how to address issues and challenges of moving up the sanitation ladder:

  • Monitor the results of current initiatives to see if they can scale; document and share successes as well as failures.
  • Products should be ready before triggering to capitalise on demand created; entry of these products into communities will depend on the community context and experience of sequencing in that country — demand must lead from the start.
  • Encourage incremental upgrades, including local solutions and innovations to improve durability of toilets.
  • Increase public–private partnerships; encourage the private sector to engage in sanitation (e.g. cement producers, plastic producers) to further reduce the cost of toilets and market shaping. Also work closely with marketing professionals.
  • Affordability – figure out what support is needed for households to upgrade (internal and external support mechanisms).
  • Explore and advocate for government support for market-based approaches.
  • Safely managed sanitation – look into the need for options further down the sanitation chain.

Additional details

PublisherInstitute of Development Studies
RegionEastern Africa, Southern Africa
ThemesClimbing the sanitation ladder, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation
ApproachesRapid Action Learning approaches

Maulit, J.A. and Simangolwa, W. (2018) Moving up the Sanitation Ladder (Sanitation Markets): East and Southern Africa Region, Sanitation and Hygiene Hunter-Gatherer Thematic Note, Brighton: IDS


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