Several solutions are being trialled… Although most involve market-based solutions, non-market based solutions that supported households to improve their sanitation facilities and move up the sanitation ladder were also shared.
This Sanitation and Hygiene Hunter-Gatherer Thematic Note presents recommendations for how to address issues and challenges of moving up the sanitation ladder:
- Monitor the results of current initiatives to see if they can scale; document and share successes as well as failures.
- Products should be ready before triggering to capitalise on demand created; entry of these products into communities will depend on the community context and experience of sequencing in that country — demand must lead from the start.
- Encourage incremental upgrades, including local solutions and innovations to improve durability of toilets.
- Increase public–private partnerships; encourage the private sector to engage in sanitation (e.g. cement producers, plastic producers) to further reduce the cost of toilets and market shaping. Also work closely with marketing professionals.
- Affordability – figure out what support is needed for households to upgrade (internal and external support mechanisms).
- Explore and advocate for government support for market-based approaches.
- Safely managed sanitation – look into the need for options further down the sanitation chain.