Tackling Slippage

Frontiers of Sanitation 14
September 2019

This resource includes six examples of where slippage has occurred and what has been done to reverse it. It aims to lay the groundwork for more systematic learning among practitioners.

There is widespread recognition that slippage of open defecation free (ODF) status is a challenge to sustainability across many programmes and contexts. Much has been written about how Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and other sanitation programmes can be set up for sustainability in order to prevent slippage from happening but there is little documented evidence on how slippage can be reversed.

This edition of Frontiers of CLTS examines what can be done if slippage has already happened. This resource has two parts – the first looks at how slippage is defined, presents a framework for identifying slippage patterns, and revisits the factors known to contribute to slippage. The second section provides six case examples of field experience of slippage and the actions taken to reverse it. It is hoped that this review lays the groundwork for more systematic learning and sharing on slippage to inform current and future programming and practice.

It is written by Sophie Hickling, a hygiene and sanitation specialist and a Senior Associate at MG Africa Consultants Ltd.

Additional details

PublisherInstitute of Development Studies
ThemesBehaviour change, Challenging contexts, Child faeces, Health, Hygiene, Leave no one behind, Monitoring, evaluation and learning, Slippage, Social norms, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation, Tough physical environments
ApproachesCommunity-led approaches

Hickling, S. (2019) ‘Tackling Slippage’, Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights 14 Brighton: IDS


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