Tools for Embedding Post-ODF Sustainability: Experiences From SNV Nepal

July 2016

Approaches and tools should be continuously adapted and revised based on what is found on the ground.

This is a book chapter taken from Sustainable Sanitation For All: Experiences, Challenges and Innovations

In 2008, SNV introduced the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) Programme that aims to build the capacity of local governments, the private sector, and other local stakeholders, for more effective service delivery in sanitation and hygiene – and also to sustain it. This chapter from Sustainable Sanitation for All: Innovations and Insights presents SNV Nepal’s experiences in post-open defecation free (ODF) interventions as part of this integrated approach, in particular, the tools and processes applied for monitoring ODF and ensuring its sustainability.

These tools and processes include the drafting and endorsement of a district post-ODF strategy which encompassed existing post-ODF tools, such as the introduction of early detection tools to enable the identification of poorly maintained toilets, maintaining ODF, and sustainable hygiene behaviour. A behaviour change communication campaign was developed, based on formative research to identify the barriers and motivating factors to toilet use and handwashing with soap; and a process to re-verify ODF status was also created. These tools are presented in the context of Nepal’s sanitation movement and SNV Nepal’s experience in Kalikot (the first ODF district in the Mid-Western Region in Nepal).

Additional details

PublisherPractical Action Publishing
RegionSouth Asia
ThemesBehaviour change, Slippage, Sustainability and safely managed sanitation

Kumar Regmi, A. (2016) ‘Tools for Embedding Post-ODF Sustainability: Experiences From SNV Nepal’, in Bongartz, P., Vernon, N. and Fox, J. (eds), Sustainable Sanitation for All: Experiences, Challenges, and Innovations, Rugby, UK: Practical Action Publishing, doi:


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