Business as usual in urban sanitation—where conventional sewerage and wastewater treatment are considered as the only solution—will not get us to universal safely managed sanitation.
Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) looks to shift the urban sanitation paradigm, aiming to ensure everyone has access to safely managed sanitation by promoting a range of solutions—both onsite and sewered, centralised or decentralised—tailored to the realities of the world’s burgeoning cities.
CWIS means focusing on service provision and its enabling environment, rather than on building infrastructure.
This resource from the World Bank introduces the topic of citywide inclusive sanitation. It also offers case studies as examples and resources for further reading.