Community-Led Total Sanitation: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review of Evidence and Its Quality

February 2018

The evidence base on community-led total sanitation (CLTS) effectiveness available to practitioners, policymakers, and programme managers to inform their actions is weak.

Our results highlight the need for more rigorous research on CLTS impacts as well as applied research initiatives that bring researchers and practitioners together to address implementation challenges to improve rural sanitation efforts.

Additional details

PublisherEnvironmental Health Perspectives
ThemesMonitoring, evaluation and learning, Outcomes and impacts, Tools and processes
ApproachesCommunity-led approaches
LanguageEnglish

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