This document aims to share SNV’s rural sanitation and hygiene performance monitoring framework, and to contribute to the ongoing discussion on sustainable and equitable sanitation services and hygiene. This framework was originally developed in 2010 for work in Asia, and focused on rural districts predominantly at household and school levels. It has since been applied by more than seven projects in 18 countries across Asia and Africa.
This latest version aims to capture the different iterations and reviews, based on feedback from SSH4A implementing countries, as well as the ambitions of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The performance monitoring framework is part of SNV’s Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme. Similar to SNV’s performance monitoring framework for urban sanitation and hygiene, the objective is to support stakeholder learning and reflection about the programme, and progress towards sustainable services.
It is not designed as an externally applied, stand-alone monitoring system. Monitoring at regular intervals helps to improve a programme, and engages staff to move in the right direction. The monitoring framework measures impact, in terms of access to and use of safely managed sanitation services and safe hygiene practices, as well as outcomes.
The outcomes are related to capacities and/or performance at different levels, which together contribute to a sustainable service delivery system for rural sanitation and hygiene. Impacts are measured by ladders largely aligned with the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) definitions, whereas the measurement of outcomes includes both ladders as well as scorecards. The ladders and scorecards allow the capture of many qualitative aspects of capacity development and the aggregation of qualitative information over time in quantitative scores.