Much remains to be learnt. The challenges of achieving sustainability are multiple and complex. Habits are hard to break and so sustainability of behaviour change will remain a major preoccupation.
Sustainability is without doubt one of the most burning subjects that subsumes many of the issues we are seeing in CLTS and wider sanitation and hygiene (S&H) practice. There have been several useful studies on sustainability that have highlighted some of the different aspects and complexities involved. However, it is unclear how much of the learning from these studies has been built into current and future programming and practice.
Based on existing research and our own understanding, this issue of Frontiers of CLTS synthesises where we are at the beginning of 2015. We identify some priority areas for learning: how to phase in sanitation marketing; post-ODF engagement of government, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), donors and others; how to ensure equity and inclusion; how to transform social norms; and effective monitoring and learning.